How to Reduce the House Edge in Roulette


Roulette is one of the most famous casino games in the world. It has been a source of glamour, mystery and excitement since the 17th century. It is easy to learn, yet provides a surprising depth of strategy for serious players. A good understanding of the game will make you a better player and will increase your chances of winning.

Roulette has many different variations, but all share the same basic rules. The ball is spun in a circular motion around a wheel with thirty-six compartments (called canoes by croupiers) painted alternately red and black and marked nonconsecutively from 1 to 36. A green compartment carries the number 0, while on American wheels a second green compartment carries the number 00.

A casino’s house edge is based on the house’s mathematical advantage over the bettors. It varies from game to game, depending on the layout of the table and the type of wheel used. The house edge of roulette can range from 2.63 percent to 7.89 percent, but is generally less than that of other casino games like craps.

The house edge in roulette can be significantly lower if you play a European roulette wheel with no double zero or a French roulette wheel with the la partage rule, which gives even-odds bets that lose to the zero a partial payout. However, the best way to reduce your house edge is to choose a strategy that plays to your strengths and preferences.

Have a Budget – Establish the size of your betting unit based on your bankroll and stick to it. This will ensure you don’t run out of money before you can test your strategy.

Know the Rules – Study the rules and history of the game, and practice at home with free online roulette games. This will help you get a feel for the game and understand how bets work. Then, when you are ready to play for real, take out your bankroll and place your chips on the roulette table as you did in your practice session.

Make Small Bets – Start by making smaller bets, so that you can stretch your bankroll. This will also allow you to try more than one strategy without having to worry about running out of cash before your turn is up.

Do Not Dip Into Winnings – Some players will try to improve their odds by watching other players, hoping that they can pick up a pattern in their betting habits. This will not work more than a coincidence, but it will still improve your odds.

You should never bet more than your budget allows, and you should always remove winnings from the table as quickly as possible. You should also avoid betting on the same numbers again and again, as this will limit your overall chances of winning. However, if you do win, keep in mind that the house edge is low and you can make a profit over time.